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Posts from the ‘Former Soviet Union’ Category

Methodological basis of the study of urbanization in the USSR

Article by Mark Meerovich, published in / Фундаментальные исследования РААСН по научному обеспечению развития архитектуры, градостроительства и строительной отрасли Российской Федерации в 2014 году: сб. науч. тр. РААСН / Юго-Западный государственный университет; под ред. А.В. Кузьмина и др. Курск: Изд-во «Деловая полиграфия», 2015. – 662 с., С. 364-376.

Mark Meerovich, Irkutsk State Technical University, emark@inbox.ru

Download full Text (in Russian):
Methodological basis of the study of urbanization in the USSR_Meerovich

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Urban Design for Mussolini, Stalin, Salazar, Hitler and Franco During the Interwar Period

Session M50 at the 12th International Conference of the European Association for Urban History (Lisbon, September 3–6, 2014)

Conference Publication

Christian von Oppen, Technische Universität Berlin, christian.von.oppen@uni-weimar.de

Urban design played a central role for the European dictatorships during the 20th century, it served to legitimate the regime, to produce agreement, to demonstrate power, efficiency and speed, it communicated the social, as well as design projects, of the dictatorial regimes domestically and internationally, it tied old experts, as well as new, to the regime. Dictatorial urban design also played an important role after the fall of the dictatorships: It became the object of structural and verbal handling strategies: of demolition, of transformation, of reconstruction, of forgetting, of suppressing, of re-interpretation and of glorification. The topic area is, therefore, both historical and relevant to the present day. The discussion of the topic area is, like it or not, always embedded in the present state of societal engagement with dictatorships.

Read more and download full papers >

Politics and Public Space in Slovakia between 1938 and 1945:
The example of Prešov

Martin Pekár
Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Slovakia

The Stalinisation of Estonian town planning: visions and heritage
Siim Sultson
University of Technology, Estonian Entrepreneurship University of Applied Sciences – Tallinn – Estonia

Stalin’s Sacred Capital:
Dreams and Reality, Propaganda and Necessity in 1930s Moscow

Olga Zinovieva
Lomonosov Moscow State University

Städtebau im Schatten Stalins

Book Presentation

Olga Zinovieva, Moscow State University, olga@zinovieva.me

In May 28 2015, the Central House of Architects in Moscow is hosting a conference on totalitarian architecture associated with the presentation of the book “Urban design in the shadow of Stalin” by Harald Bodenschatz and Christiane Post. Several members of the UEDXX network: Harald Bodenschatz, Thomas Flierl, Tilman Harlander and Olga Zinovieva – will give their papers for this occasion.
The Central House of Architects is a historical building, designed in several steps by outstanding architects: Adolf Ericsson in 1896 as a town residence and Andrei Burov, Alexander Vlasov and Miron Mirzhanov in 1941.

Download full programm > Konferenz-Architektur-Programm-de-ru

Urbanism and Dictatorship – A European Perspective

Book presentation
Monday, May 4, 2015. 7 pm
Bücherbogen, Savignyplatz (Berlin)

Organized by Bücherbogen am Savignyplatz and Deutscher Werkbund Berlin e.V.

Guests: the authors Christine Beese, Harald Bodenschatz, Thomas Flierl, Christian von Oppen, Piero Sassi and Max Welch Guerra

Moderation: Claudia Kromrei (Deutscher Werkbund Berlin)

Piero Sassi, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, piero.sassi@uni-weimar.de

Der Städtebau der europäischen Diktaturen in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts diente nicht nur der Herrschaftssicherung im eigenen Lande, sondern auch der Anerkennung durch die demokratischen Staaten. Nach der Machtübergabe an das nationalsozialistische Regime geriet er mehr und mehr zur Trumpfkarte im Wettbewerb unter den großen Diktaturen Europas – fast wie in der Zeit des Absolutismus. Jenseits aller Konflikte und politischer Orientierungen bestand ein intensiver fachlicher Austausch unter den Ländern Europas.

Eine nur nationale Sichtweise auf die Diktaturen ist daher nicht hinreichend. Der übergreifende Blick trägt nicht nur dazu bei, die Besonderheiten der jeweiligen Diktatur zu klären, er weist auch manch vereinfachtes Verständnis von deren Städtebau zurück. Das ist keineswegs nur von historischem Interesse: Die Auseinandersetzung mit Diktaturen ist immer auch Ausdruck unserer gesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse, unserer Erinnerungskultur, unserer Fähigkeit, alte und neue Formen von Diktatur zu erkennen – auch heute!

Das Buch diskutiert den Stand der Forschung zum Städtebau von fünf Diktaturen der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts und präsentiert exemplarisch neue Forschungsergebnisse.

Urbanism_and_Dictatorship

Stadt Bild Moskau

Series of events at the Osteuropa-Institut of the Freie Universität Berlin

Thomas Flierl, Bauhaus-Institut für Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur und Planung, mail@thomasflierl.de

Moskau – imperiale, sowjetische, postsozialistische Metropole. Moskau – urbanes Planspiel und urbanes Monster. Moskau – vielschichtiges Gefüge der Organisation von Lebenswelten, des Wohnens, der Bewegungsformen, der politischen und kulturellen Repräsentation. Die Vortragsreihe thematisiert unter architektur- und planungshistorischen, film- und musikwissenschaftlichen Aspekten das «Bild» der Metropole im mehrfachen Sinne von realer Topographie, Imagination und symbolischer Aufladung des städtischen Raums. Sie führt in zeitlicher Perspektive von der Hauptstadt der Sowjetunion bis zur globalisierten Mega-City der Gegenwart.

Koordination: Thomas Flierl, Susanne Strätling, Georg Witte

Download programme: Stadt_Bild_Moskau

stadt bild moskau_karte

20th Century European Urbanism: Towards a Shared History

Lecture series at the Bauhaus University Weimar

Piero Sassi, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, piero.sassi@uni-weimar.de
Max Welch Guerra, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, max.welch@uni-weimar.de

The debate on a common European identity is by no means novel. However, over the past few years the escalation of multiple crises and the consequent discussion about the future of the European Union have extended this debate to ever larger segments of society. A shared European history is a fundamental part of the European identity. Discussing it is today more important than ever. Professional and cultural exchange throughout Europe was very intense in the 20th century. It had a strong effect on urbanism in the individual countries. Therefore, the history of urbanism in Europe during the 20th century should be discussed in an international context, as a shared history. Within the lecture series, we will tackle some major issues, such as housing policies, large-scale projects and urban renewal in different geographical contexts (Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, Russia and Cyprus) and historical periods. On the one hand, this will allow to underline similarities between case studies and to recognize the exchange of models, experts and know-how between different countries. On the other hand, by considering the single case study in a broader international context, this will make it possible to understand its peculiarities. Doing so, the lecture will take on a European perspective.

Download programme: 20th_Century_European_Urbanism_20042015 Urbanism in Europe_Karte Sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Architecture as Propaganda in Twentieth-Century Totalitarian Regimes. History and Heritage

Conference at the Swedish Institute in Rome, 16-17 April 2015

Håkan Hökerberg, Istituto Svedese di Studi Classici a Roma, hkb@isvroma.org

The aim of the conference is to map and analyse the rhetorical architecture of twentieth-century European totalitarian regimes. Essential issues are to define rhetorical architecture, to examine if certain architectural styles tend to be associated with totalitarian regimes and how ideological propaganda is promulgated through architecture. An important aspect is how rhetorical architecture left behind by totalitarian regimes may be integrated into present day democratic states, and its potential as modern urban heritage. The current attitude toward fascist architecture in Italy will be discussed in relation to European countries that have a similar history but have developed different approaches to their controversial architectural heritage. The aim is to illustrate the consequences of these different approaches and also how history is used, what processes shape national identity and how heritage is produced.

The conference is organized by Håkan Hökerberg (Istituto Svedese di Studi Classici a Roma).

Download conference programme: Programme_Architecture_as_Propaganda

Poster