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Posts from the ‘Spain’ Category

Arte para la Autarquía

Exhibition ‘Campo cerrado. Arte y poder en la posguerra española. 1939-1953’, Museo Nacional Reina Sofía (Madrid), April 26 – September 26, 2016

Álvaro Sevilla Buitrago, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, alvaro.sevilla@upm.es

Entre abril y septiembre de 2016 el Museo Nacional Reina Sofía organizó en Madrid la exposición ‘Campo cerrado. Arte y poder en la posguerra española. 1939-1953’ (http://www.museoreinasofia.es/exposiciones/campo-cerrado). La muestra recuperó las tendencias de expresión y comunicación oficial y alternativa bajo la Autarquía franquista, reuniendo materiales de un amplio abanico de medios y técnicas, del arte plástico a la literatura; la arquitectura y el urbanismo estuvieron también representados en apartados específicos. En ellos destacó la atención a los programas de desarrollo rural y vivienda social de la Dirección General de Regiones Devastadas y el Instituto Nacional de Colonización, así como al trabajo de arquitectos emergentes bajo el régimen como Francisco de Asís Cabrero, Miguel Fisac o Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oíza. Además de estas secciones específicas la colección incluyó numerosos documentos que, más allá de la labor arquitectónica propiamente dicha, daban cuenta del esfuerzo activo de la dictadura en la forja de un nuevo imaginario territorial en torno a la divisoria campo-ciudad, con expresiones en el campo de la pintura, la escultura o el cine—una campaña general para consolidar una nueva ideología del territorio en un momento en que el país gravitaba de nuevo hacia el sector primario y el mundo rural como estrategia de supervivencia y represión política durante la crisis de los años 40.

Buena parte de los materiales expuestos se reúnen ahora como acompañamiento de una extensa antología de textos de la época en el catálogo de la exposición, de acceso libre a través de la web del Museo (http://www.museoreinasofia.es/sites/default/files/publicaciones/textos-en-descarga/catalogo_campo_cerrado_1805.pdf). Los documentos han sido agrupados en bloques temáticos que siguen el hilo argumental de la muestra, con breves contribuciones de presentación temática a cada área.

El urbanismo bajo las dictaduras en el siglo XX

Conference panel (24) at the PRIMER CONGRESO IBEROAMERICANO DE HISTORIA URBANA, Santiago de Chile, November 23-25, 2016

Coordinated by Ana Tostões and Max Welch Guerra

Ana Tostões, Técnico-Universidade de Lisboa, ana.tostoes@tecnico.ulisboa.pt
Max Welch Guerra, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, max.welch@uni-weimar.de

Download programme > El urbanismo bajo las dictaduras en el siglo XX

Städtebau und Herrschaftssicherung im frühen Franquismus

Lecture by Max Welch Guerra, Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut, Berlin

Max Welch Guerra, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, max.welch@uni-weimar.de

Donnerstag, 3. 11. 2016
19.00 Uhr
Simón-Bolívar-Saal

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Hauptstadt und Diktatur – Städtebau in Berlin, Rom, Lissabon, Moskau, Madrid

Publication by Harald Bodenschatz, with contributions from Christian von Oppen, Thomas Flierl, Max Welch Guerra, and Tilman Harlander, 72 pages, 21 images, Berlin: Werkbund Berlin und DOM publishers, 2016

Christian von Oppen, Technische Universität Berlin, Christian.vonOppen@metropolitanstudies.de

Die Publikation erschien anlässlich der gleichnamigen Ausstellung des Werkbundes Berlin (2. bis 30. September 2016 in der Werkbund Galerie, Goethestraße 13, 10623 Berlin). Sie fasst einige Ergebnisse der langjährigen Forschung von Harald Bodenschatz zum Städtebau der Diktaturen während der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts in fünf europäischen Hauptstädten zusammen. Im Mittelpunkt stehen 20 Fotografien, die für ein vielschichtiges Verständnis von Städtebau und Diktatur werben, das über „monumentale Bauten“ und „große Achsen“ hinausgeht. Neben realisierten oder zerstörten städtebaulichen Formen sowie Gebäuden, Gebäudedetails und öffentlichen Räumen von städtebaulicher Bedeutung werden auch gesellschaftliche Programme, Projekte, Ausstellungen und Medien angesprochen, die dem Städtebau der Diktaturen dienten oder diesen befeuerten, ebenso Akteure und Adressaten, nicht zuletzt auch Wirkungen, Wertungen und bauliche wie künstlerische Umgangsformen bis heute. Dabei zeigen sich immer wieder internationale Zusammenhänge: Städtebau und Diktatur – das ist nicht nur und nicht in erster Linie ein nationales Thema.

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European Urbanism in the 20th Century. The Tension between Real and Written History

Lecture series at the Bauhaus University Weimar

Piero Sassi, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, piero.sassi@uni-weimar.de
Max Welch Guerra, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, max.welch@uni-weimar.de

The debate on a common European identity is by no means novel. However, over the past few years the escalation of multiple crises and the consequent discussion about the future of the European Union have extended this debate to ever larger segments of society. A shared European history is a fundamental part of the European identity. Discussing it is today more important than ever.

Professional and cultural exchange throughout Europe was very intense in the 20th century. It had a strong effect on urbanism in the individual countries. Therefore, the history of urbanism in Europe during the 20th century should be discussed in an international context, as a shared history. In doing so, it shouldn’t be neglected that dictatorships, wars, oppression and exile, that strongly characterized 20th century history, produced migration flows. These increased the exchange between the European debate and those of overseas countries, for instance in South and North America.

Within the lecture series, we will tackle some major issues, such as housing policies, large-scale projects and urban renewal in different geographical contexts (Germany, Portugal, Serbia, Spain and Argentina) and historical periods. On the one hand, this will allow to underline similarities between case studies and to recognize the exchange of models, experts and know-how between different countries. On the other hand, by considering the single case study in a broader international context, this will make it possible to understand its peculiarities. Doing so, the lecture will take on a European perspective. Lectures will be given both by scholars of the BUW and by invited guests. Results of ongoing research projects will be discussed in order to provide an overview of contemporary debate on 20th century urbanism, in Germany and in Europe. Topics and case studies will follow a chronological order. In order to receive credits and an attendance certificate, students are required to pass a written examination at the end of the course.
Sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Download programme > Urbanism_in_Europe_2016

Franco’s settlers

a documentary film by Lucía Palacios and Dietmar Post

Lucía Palacios and Dietmar Post, info@playloud.org

2013 | 112 min | HD | Germany

Directed and produced by Lucía Palacios & Dietmar Post
Narrated by Juan Diego Botto
Photography by Dietmar Post & Lucía Palacios
Edited by Karl-W. Huelsenbeck
Sound mix by Andre Bendocchi-Alves
Artwork by Daniel Richter

Supported by

MEDIA – A Programme of the European Union
Castile – La Mancha University
Centro de Estudios de Castilla-La Mancha
Nipkow Programm
Friedrich Ebert Stiftung

Visit the official website > play loud!
Watch trailer > Video

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Urban design and dictatorship in the 20th century: Italy, Portugal, the Soviet Union, Spain and Germany. History and Historiography

Conference Publication

Piero Sassi, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, piero.sassi@uni-weimar.de

For decades in Germany, historical research on dictatorial urban design in the first half of the 20th century focused on the National Socialist period. Studies on the urban design practices of other dictatorships remained an exception. This has changed. Meanwhile, the urban production practices of the Mussolini, Stalin, Salazar, Hitler and Franco dictatorships have become the subject of comprehensive research projects. Recently, a research group that studies dictatorial urban design in 20th century Europe has emerged at the Bauhaus-Institut für Geschichte und Theorie der Architektur und der Planung. The group is already able to refer to various research results.

Part of the research group’s self-conception is the assumption that the urban design practices of the named dictatorships can only be properly understood from a European perspective. The dictatorships influenced one another substantially. Furthermore, the specificities of the practices of each dictatorship can only be discerned if one can compare them to those of the other dictatorships. This approach requires strict adherence to the research methods of planning history and urban design theory. Meanwhile, these methods must be opened to include those of general historical studies.

With this symposium, the research group aimed to further qualify this European perspective. The aim was to pursue an inventory of the various national historiographies on the topic of “urban design and dictatorship”. This inventory should offer an overview on the general national level of historical research on urban design as well as on the level of particular urban design projects, persons or topics.

The symposium took place in Weimar, November 21-22, 2013. It was organized by Harald Bodenschatz, Piero Sassi and Max Welch Guerra and funded by the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service).

About the Internationality of Urbanism: The Influence of International Town Planning Ideas upon Marcello Piacentini’s Work
Christine Beese
Kunsthistorisches Institut – Freie Universität Berlin – Germany

Landscape and City during Fascism: Enrico del Debbio’s Foro Mussolini
Maria Luisa Neri
Università di Camerino – Scuola di Architettura e Design – Ascoli Piceno – Italy

Planning the Industrialization. The Technical and Theoretical Toolbox for the Post-War Program for the Industrial Development Areas of Southern Italy
Nicla Dattomo
Università Iuav di Venezia – Italy

Restelo Neighbourhood: Expanding the Capital of the Empire with the First Portuguese Urban Planner
Patrícia Bento d’Almeida
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa – Portugal

Portuguese Social Housing under Dictatorship. A Morphological Analysis of Some Residential Agglomerations in Lisbon (1933-1950)
Maria Amélia Cabrita
Architecture – ISCTE, Lisbon, Portugal

Restelo in Lisbon – The Non-implementation of the Original Urban Design by Faria da Costa during the Dictatorship of António de Oliveira Salazar
Salete A. F. Cravo
Instituto Universitário de Lisboa – Portugal

Granite on the Ground: Former Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg/Germany. A brief introduction
Marie Luise Birkholz
Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Germany

Download full papers
Download conference program > flyer_symposium

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